Not everyone is familiar with vitamin K and what it does for the body, so it’s only reasonable that still fewer people know all about vitamin K deficiency, what its symptoms are and how to treat it. This article will help you understand how vitamin K works, what happens when you become deficient in it, and what you need to do to treat vitamin K deficiency.


There are actually five types of vitamin K, although the first two types, K1 and K2, are considered the most nutritious and important. They are also the ones that can be obtained from natural food sources. K1 is found in leafy green vegetables and is accepted as the best form of vitamin K, while the sources of K2 are meat, dairy products, and eggs. Some vitamin K-enriched products make use of the other three types, K3, K4, and K5, but these are not considered as healthy or essential as the first two types.


All the five types of vitamin K perform the same functions, which is why they are all designated as one vitamin. Vitamin K is the nutrient considered most indispensable for proper blood clotting. Healthy blood cells and platelets clot fast on cuts and wounds on the skin, and the vitamin is important for regulating this action. Vitamin K is also as important as calcium and vitamin D in keeping the bones strong and perfectly formed, and it also prevents calcium from depositing in the arteries, a problem that can lead to atherosclerosis or hardened arteries.


The symptoms of vitamin K deficiency are the body’s way of showing that it needs the vitamin to stay healthy. Since vitamin K is important for the blood and bones, you can get problems like blood disorders and weak bones if you get too little of the vitamin. Blood coagulation will be very low, which can result in easy bruising, anemia, hemorrhaging, and massive bleeding even with small cuts on the skin. And the importance of the vitamin on the bones is best seen on newborn babies and children, for lack of the vitamin can bring about malformed fingers and underdeveloped facial bones and skulls.


Treatment for vitamin K deficiency is more than just taking supplements, for you need to get a doctor and have a proper evaluation on the damage that has been done and just how much you need to get of the vitamin right away. Some people only need to increase their intake of vitamin K sources in food, such as leafy greens and dairy, while others are prescribed oral supplements. Severe deficiency will require vitamin K injections so that the body can absorb the vitamin right away and start repairing the damage left by deficiency.